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You are here Here'Articles' African Slave Traders: A History Comment

Articles A full list of all of the articles on this website

How The British Empire Abolished Slavery
Black slavers resisted abolition Black slave traders resisted abolition by Britain
Jews & White Slavery Africa and the atlantic slave trade
Chiefs Apologise African chiefs urged to apologise for slave trade
History African slave traders: A history
Alex Haley Roots Alex Haley - Roots, fraudster,liar,plagiariser
Amistad Slave Ship Amistad slave ship, Joseph Cinque was a slave trader
Slavery and Race Slavery and race
Black Slave Owners Dixie's censored subject: black slave owners
Black Slave Traders Black African slave traders
Black slave owners and slave masters Black slaveowners & slave masters
Sell Out Did african slave traders sell us out ?
European imperialism ended slavery worldwide European imperialism ended slavery worldwide
Britain 1807 In 1807 Britain outlawed slavery
Slavery Slavery in the Arab World
Islamic Slavery Islamic Slavery and Racism
Slavery in Israel Contraband Women - naive slavic women in Israel
Jews & White Slavery Jews and the white slave trade
Blaming White Folk On Blaming White Folk For Slavery
Sex slavery Israel Sex slavery in Israel today
Slavery African Connection Slave Trade: the African Connection, ca 1788
Slavery & Race Slavery and Race: Gearld A Foster
Slavery Africa Slavery in Africa
Slavery Myths Slavery myths debunked
Truth about Slavery The truth about slavery
White Slaves White Slaves, African Masters

William Wilberforce (Amazing Grace)
Anti Slavery Campaigner

William Wilberforce From
William Wilberforce (1759-1833) was a deeply religious man whose political views were very conservative, but who devoted most of his parliamentary career to the abolition of the slave trade and slavery.

He also campaigned for legislation to prohibit the worst forms of child labor, cruelty to animals and the removal of political disabilities on Roman Catholics. He fought to abolish the slave trade which, after many years of defeats, he finally achieved in 1807.

However, this did not abolish slavery.
He would frequently introduce a private member’s Bill abolishing slavery.

Year after year his Bills were defeated until, finally, late on Friday July 26, 1833, as he lay on his deathbed, his friend, Thomas Babington Macaulay, the famous historian and member of the Society for the Mitigation and Gradual Abolition of Slavery throughout the British Dominions, brought him word that the Slavery Abolition Bill 1833 abolishing slavery throughout the British Empire had been read a third time (which means that it had been passed) by the House of Commons.

Passage of the Bill through the House of Lords was assured.

Wilberforce exclaimed:
"Thank God that I have lived to witness the day in which England is willing to give £20 million for the abolishment of slavery."
(What would that be worth today ?)

He died three days later. It was agreed that he should be in Westminster Abbey in London.

The Slavery Abolition Bill 1833 passed through the House of Lords, it received the Royal Assent (which means it became law) on 29 August 1833 and came into force on 1 August 1834.

On that date slavery was abolished throughout the vast British Empire.

The Act automatically applied as new possessions (principally in Africa) subsequently became part of the British Empire.

William Wilberforce - A Great Man Forgotten

The British Crusade Against Slavery

Abraham Lincoln and the abolition of slavery

Origins of the Slave Trade - Africans sold Africans

The untold story of the Arab Slave Trade Of Africans

The truth about The Arab Slave Trade In Sudan

The Truth About Slavery: Past, Present and Future
Rogues Gallery Rogues Gallery ... 
The tiniest fraction of those first and second-generation immigrants who have killed, raped and otherwise violated British men, women and children in Britain,( Just since the Stephen Lawrence case ! )
is represented in the following pages. How many had you heard of before you saw them here ??
Top 10 Black Slave Owners Top 10 Black Slave Owners
9 Facts About Slavery 9 Facts About Slavery
They Don't Want You to Know



by Angela Thompsell Updated March 06, 2017

During the era of the trans-Atlantic slave trade, Europeans did not have the power to invade African states or kidnap African slaves at will. For the most part, the 12.5 million slaves transported across the Atlantic Ocean were purchased from African slave traders. It is a piece of the triangle trade about which there are still many critical misperceptions.

Motivations for Slavery
One question that many Westerners have about African slavers, is why were they willing to sell 'their own people'?

Why would they sell Africans to Europeans? The simple answer to this question is that they did not see slaves as 'their own people.' Blackness (as an identity or marker of difference) was a preoccupation of Europeans, not Africans. There was also in this era no sense of being 'African'. (Indeed, to this day, individuals are more likely to identify as being African rather than, say, Kenyan only after leaving Africa.)

Some slaves were prisoners of war, and many of these may have been seen as enemies or rivals to those who sold them. Others were people who had fallen into debt. They were different by virtue of their status (what we might think of today as their class). Slavers also kidnapped people, but again, there was no reason they would inherently see slaves as 'their own'.

Slavery as a Part of Life
It might be tempting to think that African slave traders did not know how bad European plantation slavery was, but there was a lot of movement across the Atlantic.

Not all traders would have known about the horrors of the Middle Passage or what life awaited slaves, but others at least had an idea.

There are always people willing to ruthlessly exploit others in the quest for money and power, but the story of the African slave trade goes much further than a few bad people.

Slavery and the sale of slaves, though, were parts of life. The concept of not selling slaves to willing buyers would have seemed strange to many people up until the 1800s. The goal was not to protect slaves, but to ensure that oneself and one's kin were not reduced to slaves.

A Self-Replicating Cycle
As the slave trade intensified in the 16 and 1700s, it also became harder not to participate in the trade in some regions of West Africa. The enormous demand for African slaves led to the formation of a few states whose economy and politics were centered around slave raiding and trading. States and political factions that participated in the trade gained access to firearms and luxury goods, which could be used to secure political support. States and communities who were not actively participating in the slave trade were increasingly at a disadvantage. The Mossi Kingdom is an example of a state that resisted the slave trade until the 1800s, when it began trading in slaves as well.

Opposition to the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade
The Mossi Kingdom was not the only African state or community to resist selling slaves to Europeans. For instance, the king of the Kongo, Afonso I, who had converted to Catholicism, tried to stop the slave of slaves to Portuguese traders.

He lacked the power, however, to police the whole of his territory, and traders as well as nobles engaged in the Trans-Atlantic slave trade to gain wealth and power. Alfonso tried writing to the Portuguese king and asking him to stop Portuguese traders from engaging in the slave trade, but his plea was ignored.

The Benin Empire offers a very different example. Benin sold slaves to Europeans when it was expanding and fighting many wars - which produced prisoners of war. Once the state stabilized, it stopped trading slaves, until it started to decline in the 1700s. During this period of increasing instability, the state resumed participation in the slave trade.